Who does not know what an orange is and that it’s made up of segments and an orange peel? Well, it seems that everyone knows, because it is obvious, but you do know how every part of an orange is technically called? In this post we are going to explain what the several parts of oranges are.
The citrus par excellence charged with vitamin C, the orange, is formed by three main parts:
- The exocarp or flavedo: this is what we colloquially call orange peel or crust, but only the orange part. The exocarpo or flavedo is formed by an epidermis and hypodermis that is green when it is not ripe and orange yet when it is already at its maturation point. This part is composed of small vesicles that contain essential oils that are mainly used to make perfumes and flavorings.
- Mesocarp or albeldo: this part also forms of the orange peel and we commonly call it ‘the white of the orange’. Its appearance is spongy and white. It is the part of the orange that contains more pectins and is mainly used for making jams although it is also rich in glycosides.
- Endocarp or pulp: this is the part of the orange (and other citrus fruits) that we eat and that supposes 80% of its weight. It consists of segments or juice sacks and seeds. In this part of the orange you can find the different organic acids (such as vitamin C), sugars and water that contribute this fruit.
As you can see, from technical point of view, oranges have more complexity than we think when we eat it. Did you know the main parts of an orange? Tell us what this post you brought.